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Publications

Cover System Design and Performance Monitoring

Are You Planning for Closure When Managing Your Waste As Well As You Think?

A. Baisley, M.A. O'Kane, and S. Pearce. 2016. Planning for Closure 2016: First International Congress on Planning for Closure of Mining Operations, Santiago, Chile, November 20-22, 2016.

Better Waste Landforms for Managing Reactive Waste

P. Scott and I. Taylor. 2015. Presented at the AMR 2015 Australian Mine Rehabilitation Conference, Adelaide, Australia, August 19, 2015.

Climate Change and Mine Closure Planning – Influences on Design and Performance of Common Closure Technologies

P. Garneau, M. O'Kane and J. Reeves. 2015. Presented at the AMR 2015 Australian Mine Rehabilitation Conference, Adelaide, Australia, August 20, 2015. Full presentation available upon request.

Climate Change and Mine Closure – A Practical Framework for Addressing Risk

A. Baisley, S. Pearce and M. O'Kane. 2016. International Mine Water Association (IMWA) 2016 Annual Conference, July 11-15, 2016, Leipzig, Germany.

Cover System Performance Monitoring for Tailings - Are We Doing It Correctly

R. Barritt. 2016 The AusIMM Bulletin, October 2016

Cover System Performance Monitoring for Tailings - Are We Doing It Correctly?

R. Barritt and P. Scott. 2015 Presented at Tailings and Mine Waste Management for the 21st Century 2015, Sydney, Australia, 28 July 2015

Evaluation of cover systems utilizing geosynthetic layers constructed in a seasonally humid location for closure of coal waste

G. Meiers, M. O'Kane, D. Mayich, and M. Barteaux. 2014. Evaluation of cover systems utilizing geosynthetic layers constructed in a seasonally humid location for the closure of coal waste rock piles.  Presented at the 8th Australian Workshop on Acid and Metalliferous Drainage, Adelaide, South Australia, April 29, 2014

Evaluation of in Service Performance of Cover Systems that Utilize a Geosynthetic Layer

G. Meiers, M. O'Kane, D. Mayich, J. Shea and M. Barteaux. 2014. Presented by Mike O'Kane at Geosynthetics Mining Solutions 2014, Vancouver, Canada, September 8-11, 2014.

Financial risk associated with mine closure: International experience and case studies

Pearce, S. 2017. Presented at Minex Central Asia 2017, the 8th Central Asian Mining and Exploration Forum in Astana, Kazakhstan, April 20, 2017. Available in Videos.

Instrumentation in waste rock dumps: Going deeper

S. Pearce and M. Barteaux. 2014 In Proceedings of the Eighth Australian Workshop on Acid and Metalliferous Drainage (editors H Miller and L Preuss), Adelaide, South Australia, April 28 to May 2, 2014, pp.371-386.

Low Permeability Barrier Layers and Cover System Performance: It’s More Than Just the Holes

M. O'Kane, L. Tallon and G. Meiers. 2014. Presented at the 10th International Conference on Geosynthetics in Berlin, Germany, September 21-24, 2014.

Making the Conceptual Landform Design a Reality

R. Barritt and P. Scott. 2015. Presented at the AMR 2015 Australian Mine Rehabilitation Conference, Adelaide, Australia, August 19, 2015.

Mining Mega Projects - Lunch and Learn Webinar

S. Pearce. 2016 Webinar presented to the Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE), 29 January 2016. Recording available here.

Risk and Resilience in Mine Waste Rock Management – Could your Best Cover System be the One You Don’t Really Need?

M. O'Kane, S. Pearce and A. Baisley. 2016. Risk and Resilience Mining Solutions 2016, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, November 14-16, 2016.

The Critical Role of Lateral Drainage Capacity in Limiting Leakage through a Low Permeability Geomembrane Cover

G. Meiers and C. Bradley. 2017. Paper accepted at Geotechnical Frontiers 2017, Orlando, Florida, USA, March 12-15, 2017

Use of Analytical Estimates and Water Balance Components to Simulate Leakage Rates Through Cover Systems Utilizing a Geomembrane

G. Meiers, C. Bradley, M. O'Kane, D. Mayich and J. Shea. 2016. Presented at Geo-Americas 2016: the 3rd Pan-American Conference on Geosynthetics on April 10-13, 2016, Miami Beach, Florida, USA.

Waste Landform Cover System and Geometrical Design

A. Kemp, I. Taylor, P. Scott and M. O'Kane. 2015 The AusIMM Bulletin, December 2015

Landform Design for Pilbara Mine Site – Why Plan and Design Waste Rock Dumps for Closure Based on Site-specific Conditions?

A. Kemp, I. Taylor and G. Hancock. 2014. Presented at the AusIMM (Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy) Life-of-Mine Conference, July 16-18, 2014, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Understanding climate cycles to improve cover system performance

L. Tallon, M. O'Kane, J. Song and A. Heidman. 2015. Presented at ICARD-IMWA 10th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage and International Mine Water Association Annual Conference, Santiago, Chile, April 24, 2015. Full presentation available upon request.

Managing the waste rock storage design - can we build a waste rock dump that works?

R. Barritt, P. Scott and I. Taylor. 2016. Presented at the 11th International Conference on Mine Closure, Perth, Australia, March 15, 2016.

Design, construction, and performance of closure cover systems for spent heap leach piles - A state-of-the-art review

Ayres, B. and M. O'Kane, 2013. Presented at the Heap Leach Conference, September 22-25, 2013, Vancouver, British Columbia.

Mine waste cover systems: An international perspective and applications for mine closure in New Zealand

Ayres, B. and O'Kane, M. 2013. 2013 AusIMM New Zealand Branch Annual Conference, Nelson, New Zealand, August 25-28, 2013.

Evaluation of a single-layer desulphurized tailings cover

Bonnie Dobchuk, Craig Nichol, G. Ward Wilson, and Michel Aubertin. 2013. Canadian Geotechnical Journal 50:777-792 Winner of the Canadian Society for Civil Engineering (CSCE) Thomas C. Keefer Medal for the best engineering paper in hydrotechnical or environmental engineering!

Soil-Plant-Atmosphere Numerical Modelling of a Cover System in NW Australia Utilizing the Moisture Store-and-Release Concept

R. Shurniak and M. O'Kane, 2012.

Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage (ICARD), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, May 20-26, 2012.

Enhancing the Understanding for the Influence of Vegetation on Cover System Performance in a Canadian Mining Context.

S. Lamoureux, J. Straker, L. Barbour and M. O'Kane, 2012.

Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage (ICARD), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, May 20-26, 2012.

Data management in field research programs

A. Heidman. 2014. Presented at the Canadian Geophysical Union - Canadian Society of Soil Science Annual Scientific Meeting, May 7, 2014, Banff, Alberta

State-of-the-Art Performance Monitoring of Cover Systems—Moving from Point Scale to Macro Scale Approaches

M. O'Kane, 2011. Proceedings of the Seventh Australian Workshop on Acid and Metalliferous Drainage, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia, June 21-24, 2011.

Emerging trends in the development of stable mine waste landforms and cover systems for reactive materials.

Howard, E., O'Kane, M. and Loch, R., 2011. Proceedings of the Seventh Australian Workshop on Acid and Metalliferous Drainage, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia, June 21-24, 2011.

Lysimeter field performance: Design and installation factors for representative cover systems evaluations.

Phillip, M.A. and O’Kane, M.A., 2009.

Proceedings of SWANA’s WASTECON 2009 Conference, Long Beach, CA, September 22-24, 2009.

From desktop to landscape: Experiences in scaling micro-scale numerical modelling predictions to landscape-scale performance.

Tallon, L., O’Kane, M., Christensen, D., and Shurniak, R., 2009.

Proceedings of Securing the Future and 8th ICARD, Skelleftea, Sweden, June 22-26, 2009.

Assessment of concave and linear hillslopes for post-mining landscapes

Priyashantha, S., Ayres, B., O’Kane, M., and Fawcett, M., 2009. Proceedings of Securing the Future and 8th ICARD, Skelleftea, Sweden, June 22-26, 2009.

Measurement of moisture conditions for mine waste storage facilities using the Deep Diviner moisture probe.

Dobchuk, B., Barbour, S.L., Dobchuk, J. and O'Kane, M., 2006.

7th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage (ICARD), March 26-30, 2006.

Incorporation of natural slope features into the design of final landforms for waste rock stockpiles.

Ayres, B., Dobchuk, B., Christensen, D., O'Kane, M. and Fawcett, M., 2006.

7th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage (ICARD), March 26-30, 2006.

Choosing representative climate years for predicting long-term performance of mine waste cover systems

O'Kane, M. and Barbour, S.L. 2006. 7th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage (ICARD), March 26-30, 2006.

The use of “enhanced” moisture store and release cover system over reactive mine waste in arid and semi-arid climates.

Christensen, D. and O’Kane, M., 2005.

Proceedings of the 2005 National Meeting of the American Society of Mining and Reclamation, Breckenridge CO, June 19-23, 2005.

Issues for consideration when designing a growth medium layer for a reactive mine waste cover system.

Ayres, B.K., O’Kane M., and Barbour, S.L., 2004.

Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Tailings and Mine Waste, Vail, Colorado, October 10-13, 2004.

Predicting Field Performance of Lysimeters used to Evaluate Cover Systems for Mine Waste.

O'Kane, M. and Barbour, S.L., 2003. Proceedings of 6th International Conference for Acid Rock Drainage, Cairns, Qld., Australia, July 2003.

Mine Waste Cover System Design – Linking Predicted Performance to Groundwater and Surface Water Impacts.

O'Kane, M. and Wels, C., 2003. Proceedings of 6th International Conference for Acid Rock Drainage, Cairns, Qld., Australia, July 2003.

Application of soil moisture monitoring systems in reclamation performance monitoring

A. Heidman and M. Phillip. 2012. Presented at the 49th Annual Alberta Soil Science Workshop, February 14, 2012, Edmonton, Alberta

A framework for improving the ability to understand and predict the performance of heap leach piles.

O’Kane, M., Barbour, S.L., and Haug, M.D., 1999. Presented at the Copper 99 Conference, October 10-13, 1999, Phoenix, Arizona.

Geochemistry

Acid mine drainage analysis for the Reddale Coal Mine, Reefton, New Zealand

W.E. Olds, P.A. Weber, M.H. Pizey and J. Pope. 2016. New Zealand Journal of Geology and Geophysics v. 59, published online May 22, 2016.

Advanced Customisable Leach Columns (ACLC); A New Kinetic Testing Method to Simulate Site Specific Conditions

S. Pearce, J. Pearce, and M. Barteaux. 2015. Presented at the AMR 2015 Australian Mine Rehabilitation Conference, Adelaide, Australia, August 20, 2015.

Advanced Customisable Leach Columns - A New Kinetic Testing Method to Simulate Site Specific Conditions

S. Pearce, J. Pearce, and M. Barteaux. 2015 Presented at Tailings and Mine Waste Management for the 21st Century 2015, Sydney, Australia, 27 July 2015

Advanced Customisible Leach Columns - A New Kinetic Testing Method to Predict AMD Risks by Simulating Site-specific Conditions

S. Pearce and J. Pearce, 2016. Presented at the International Mine Water Association (IMWA) 2016 Annual Conference, July 14, 2016, Leipzig, Germany.

Beyond the PAF Cell

S.R. Pearce. 2014 In Proceedings of the Eighth Australian Workshop on Acid and Metalliferous Drainage (editors H Miller and L Preuss), Adelaide, South Australia, April 28 to May 2, 2014, pp.97-110.

Forecasting Long Term Water Quality at Closure for Current Mining Operations

P. Weber. 2015. Presented at the AusIMM (Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy) New Zealand Branch 2015 Annual Conference, Dunedin, New Zealand, September 1, 2015.

Heterogeneity profiling: A technique to improve geochemical sampling and analysis for AMD assessments

S.R. Pearce, V. Aktas, and R. Naithani. 2014 In Proceedings of the Eighth Australian Workshop on Acid and Metalliferous Drainage (editors H Miller and L Preuss), Adelaide, South Australia, April 28 to May 2, 2014, pp.295-312.

Linking Waste Rock Dump Construction and Design with Seepage Geochemistry: An Integrated Approach Using Quantitative Tools

S. Pearce, B. Dobchuk, R. Shurniak, J. Song and D. Christensen. 2016. Presented at the International Mine Water Association (IMWA) 2016 Annual Conference, July 15, 2016, Leipzig, Germany.

Quantitative Risk Assessment Tools to Assist with Waste Placement Guidelines

S. Pearce and S. Lehane. 2015 Presented at Tailings and Mine Waste Management for the 21st Century 2015, Sydney, Australia, 27 July 2015

Validating WRD Conceptual Models and Implications for Mine Closure in Semi-Arid Environments: A High Level Risk Assessment

S. Pearce and J. Pearce. 2016. Poster at the International Mine Water Association (IMWA) 2016 Annual Conference, July 11-15, 2016, Leipzig, Germany.

Geochemical classification of waste rock using process flow diagrams

W.E. Olds, B.Bird, J.I. Pearce, E. Sinclair, M. Orr and P.A. Weber. 2015. Presented at the AusIMM New Zealand Branch Annual Conference, August 31, 2015, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Waste rock dump geochemical evolution: Matching lab data, models and predictions with reality

S. Pearce, P. Scott and P. Weber. 2015. Presented at ICARD-IMWA 10th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage and International Mine Water Association Annual Conference, Santiago, Chile, April 24, 2015.

Passive treatment of ARD using waste mussel shells – Part I: System development and geochemical processes

P. Weber, C. Weisener, Z. Diloreto and M. Pizey. 2015. Presented at ICARD-IMWA 10th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage and International Mine Water Association Annual Conference, Santiago, Chile, April 23, 2015.

Opportunistic AMD sampling from multi-discipline drilling programs for large mining companies

J. Pearce and J. Gutierrez. 2015. Presented at ICARD-IMWA 10th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage and International Mine Water Association Annual Conference, Santiago, Chile, April 23, 2015.

Building a better waste landform for managing reactive waste; A new level of geochemical waste assessment and construction

P. Scott, A. Kemp, B. Dobchuk, I. Taylor, S. Pearce and P. Weber. 2015. Presented at ICARD-IMWA 10th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage and International Mine Water Association Annual Conference, Santiago, Chile, April 23, 2015.

Waste Mussel Shells to Treat Acid Mine Drainage: A New Zealand Initiative

Uster, B., Trumm, D., Pope, J., Weber, P., O'Sullivan, A.D., Weisener, C. and Diloreto, Z.A. 2014. Reclamation Matters, Fall 2014, p. 23-27.

Geochemical and geotechnical investigations at the Reddale Coal Mine, Reefton, New Zealand

P. Weber, W. Olds, and M. Pizey. 2014. 8th Australian Workshop on Acid and Metalliferous Drainage, Adelaide, South Australia, April 28 to May 2, 2014.

Alkalinity producing covers for minimisation of acid mine drainage generation in waste rock dumps

W. Olds, P. Weber and M. Pizey. 2014. 8th Australian Workshop on Acid and Metalliferous Drainage, Adelaide, South Australia, April 28 to May 2, 2014.

Interpretation of column leach characteristics of Brunner Coal Measures for mine drainage management

J. Pope and P. Weber. 2013. 2013 AusIMM New Zealand Branch Annual Conference, Nelson, New Zealand, August 25-28, 2013.

Alkalinity producing caps for minimisation of acid mine drainage generation in waste rock dumps

W. Olds, P. Weber and M. Pizey. 2013. 2013 AusIMM New Zealand Branch Annual Conference, Nelson, New Zealand, August 25-28, 2013.

Acid mine drainage investigations at the Reddale Coal Mine, Reefton, New Zealand

P.A. Weber, W.E. Olds, F.H. Crombie, D.G. Thomas, J. Pope and M.H. Pizey. 2013. 2013 AusIMM New Zealand Branch Annual Conference, Nelson, New Zealand, August 25-28, 2013.

International Conference on Mine Closure

A risk-based approach using process flow diagrams for operational waste rock classification — case studies

S. Pearce, J. Warner, E. Sinclair, J. Pearce, W. Olds and P. Weber. 2016. Presented at the 11th International Conference on Mine Closure, Perth, Australia, March 17, 2016.

Acid and Metalliferous Drainage Contaminant Load Prediction for Operational or Legacy Mines at Closure

J. Pearce, P. Weber, S. Pearce and P. Scott. 2016. Presented at the 11th International Conference on Mine Closure, Perth, Australia, March 17, 2016.

Closure of legacy waste rock piles: Can we achieve passive treatment to manage residual seepage in the short term?

G. Meiers, M. O'Kane, D. Mayich, P. Weber, C. Bradley and J. Shea. 2015. Presented at the 10th International Conference on Mine Closure, June 1-3, 2015, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Cover System Performance – Using Numerical Modelling to Optimise Monitoring Systems

P. Garneau, K. Albano and W. Moore. 2016. Presented at the 11th International Conference on Mine Closure, Perth, Australia, March 15, 2016.

Designer Waste Landform Detailed Modelling and Design – Rum Jungle Mine

I. Taylor, A. Kemp, M. O'Kane, S. Walker, M. Barteaux and T. Laurencont. 2016. Presented at the 11th International Conference on Mine Closure, Perth, Australia, March 16, 2016.

Effect of soil cover system design on cover system performance and early tree establishment

Barber, L. A., Bockstette, J., Christensen, D.O., Tallon, L.K., and Landhausser, S.M., 2015. Presented at the 10th International Conference on Mine Closure, June 1-3, 2015, Vancouver, Canada.

Evaluation of Cover Systems for Closure of Tailings Storage Facilities at North American Tungsten Corporation's Cantung Mine

G. Allen, L. Tallon, D. Flemming, S. Shaw and B. Ayres. 2015. Presented at the 10th International Conference on Mine Closure, Vancouver, Canada, June 3, 2015.

Instrumentation of waste rock dumps as part of integrated closure monitoring and assessment

S. Pearce and M. Barteaux. 2014 Presented at the 9th International Conference on Mine Closure, 1-3 October 2014, Johannesburg, South Africa

Performance evaluation of reclamation soil cover systems at Cluff Lake mine in northern Saskatchewan

Barber, L.A., Ayres, B.K., and Schmid. B., 2015.  Presented at the 10th International Conference on Mine Closure, June 1-3, 2015, Vancouver, Canada.

Progressive rehabilitation — Martabe Gold Mine as a case study

S. Pearce, M. Orr, Ken Grohs and J. Pearce. 2016. Presented at the 11th International Conference on Mine Closure, Perth, Australia, March 17, 2016.

Quantitative Risk Assessment Tools to Assist with Waste Placement Guidelines

S. Pearce and S. Lehane. 2015. Presented at the 10th International Conference on Mine Closure, Vancouver, Canada, June 1, 2015.

The Effect of Cover System Depth on Native Plant Water Relations in Semi-Arid Western Australia

S. Lamoureux, E.J. Veneklaas, P. Poot and M. O'Kane. 2016. Presented at the 11th International Conference on Mine Closure, Perth, Australia, March 17, 2016.

Waste Dump Steep Slope Construction Learnings

W.T. Moore and Phillipe Garneau. 2016. Presented at the 11th International Conference on Mine Closure, Perth, Australia, March 15, 2016.

Waste Landform Cover System and Geometrical Design – Integration with Waste Placement and Landform Optimisation Approach

A. Kemp, I. Taylor and M. O'Kane. 2016. Presented at the 11th International Conference on Mine Closure, Perth, Australia, March 15, 2016.

Waste material placement options during construction and closure risk reduction — quantifying the how, the why and the how much

S. Pearce, S. Lehane and J. Pearce. 2016. Presented at the 11th International Conference on Mine Closure, Perth, Australia, March 17, 2016.

Simulation of 7 years of field performance monitoring at RTIO Mt Tom Price mine using soil-plant-atmosphere modelling

R.E. Shurniak, M.A. O'Kane, and R. Green, 2012. Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Mine Closure, September 25-27, 2012, Brisbane, Australia.

Evolution of cover system design and waste rock management at a mine in the Pilbara region of Western Australia

K. Bonstrom, G. Allen, M. O'Kane, and D. Christensen, 2012 Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Mine Closure, September 25-27, 2012, Brisbane, Australia.

Effects of Termites on Soil Cover System Performance.

S. Lamoureux and M.A. O'Kane, 2012. Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Mine Closure, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, September 25-27, 2012.

Cover systems that utilise the moisture store-and-release concept - do they work & how can we improve their design & performance

M. O'Kane and B. Ayres, 2012 Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Mine Closure, September 25-27, 2012, Brisbane, Australia

Closure planning for a tailings storage facililty in Western Australia

K. Bonstrom, D. Chapman, D. Swain, and M. O'Kane, 2012 Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Mine Closure, September 25-27, 2012, Brisbane, Australia.

Management of Overburden Storage Areas at the Mt. Whaleback Mine – A Review of 12 Years of Cover System Performance Monitoring

G. Meiers, B. Huys, J. Heyes, K. Sommerville, D. Christensen and M. O'Kane. 2010. Presented at the Fifth International Conference on Mine Closure, November 23-26, 2010, Viña del Mar, Chile.

Remediation of small scale uranium mining activities in the South Alligator Valley, Kakadu National Park.

Reszat, T.N., Balding, G., and Fawcett, M., 2009. Proceedings of Mine Closure 2009 Conference, Perth, Australia, September 9-11, 2009.

Staged approach to closure of a tailings storage facility in the Kimberly, Western Australia.

Bonstrom, K.L., Chapman, D., Swain, D., and O’Kane, M., 2009. Proceedings of Mine Closure 2009 Conference, Perth, Australia, September 9-11, 2009.

Closure planning and implementation at CVRD Inco’s Whistle Mine, Ontario, Canada.

Ayres, B.K., Lanteigne, L., Smith, Q., and O’Kane, M., 2007. Presented at Mine Closure 2007, Santiago, Chile, October 16-19, 2007.

Workshops and Short Courses

International Mine Water Association (IMWA):

  • Integrated Mine Water Quality Assessment: A Toolbox for Making Predictions Utilizing Quantitative Modelling Methodologies, co-hosted with GEO-SLOPE International, July 11, 2016, Leipzig, Germany

Saskatchewan Mining Association (SMA):

  • Mine Waste Cover Systems – Meeting Long-Term Performance Expectations, SMA Environmental Forum, October 28, 2014, Saskatoon, SK, Canada.

Canadian Geotechnical Conference:

  • Cover Systems for Managing Solid Waste - Design, Construction, and Performance Monitoring, co-hosted with University of Saskatchewan College of Engineering, Integral Ecology Group, and BGC Engineering, September 28, 2014, Regina, SK, Canada

British Columbia Mine Reclamation Symposium:

  • Design of Mine Waste Cover Systems, co-hosted with Integral Ecology Group, September 22, 2014, Prince George, BC, Canada

Cold Covers Practice 2014: Seminar on Cold Regions Cover Systems and Mine Closure:

  • Cover System and Landform Design for Closure in Cold Regions, co-hosted with BGC Engineering, April 7-9, 2014, Whistler, BC, Canada

Northern Latitudes Mining Reclamation Workshop:

  • Cover System Design in Cold Regions, 2013 Northern Latitudes Mining Reclamation Workshop and 38th Annual Meeting of the Canadian Land Reclamation Association, September 9, 2013, Whitehorse, YK, Canada

Australasian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy (AusIMM):

  • Mine Leachate Problems - Landform Design and Cover Systems Solutions, New Zealand Branch Annual Conference, August 25, 2013, Nelson, New Zealand

International Network for Acid Prevention (INAP):

  • Overview of Chapter 6 of the GARD Guide: Prevention and Mitigation, GARD Guide Workshop, May 17-18, 2011, Sudbury, ON, Canada
  • INAP Dry Covers Workshop, May 31-June 1, 2004, Sudbury, ON, Canada

Tailings and Mine Waste:

  • Closure Planning and Landform Design and Covers, November 3, 2013, Banff, AB, Canada
  • Cover Systems: A Component of Landform Design for Mines, November 6-9, 2011, Vancouver, BC, Canada
  • Cover Systems: A Component of Landform Design for Mines, October 17-20, 2010, Vail, CO, USA

Mine Closure:

  • Waste Management and AMD Mitigation through Better Landform Design and Construction, co-hosted with GEO-SLOPE International, March 13-14, 2016, Perth, Australia
  • Designing Sustainable Cover Systems and Final Landforms for Mine Waste Storage Facilities, October 16-19, 2007, Santiago, Chile

American Society of Mining and Reclamation National Meeting:

  • Designing Sustainable Cover Systems and Final Landforms for Mine Waste Storage Facilities, 24th National Meeting of the American Society of Mining and Reclamation, June 2-6, 2007, Gillette, WY, USA

International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage (ICARD):

  • Progressive and Sustainable Closure of Mine Waste Storage Facilities, co-hosted with Integral Ecology Group, April 21-24, 2015, Santiago, Chile
  • Closure of Mine Waste Storage Facilities: Designing Sustainable Cover Systems and Final Landforms that Link Performance to Impacts on Groundwater and Surface Water Receptors, May 20-26, 2012, Ottawa, ON, Canada
  • Designing Sustainable Cover Systems and Final Landforms for Mine Waste Storage Facilities, June 22-26, 2009, Skellefteå, Sweden
  • Closure of Mine Waste Storage Facilities—Linking Cover System Performance to Impacts on Groundwater and Surface Water Receptors, July 14-17th, 2003, Cairns, QLD, Australia

MEND (Mine Environment Neutral Drainage) (Canada)

MEND 1.61.5c Cold Regions Cover System Design Technical Guidance Document.

MEND Report 1.61.5c, July 2012. Prepared on behalf of Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada (AANDC) and the Mine Environment Neutral Drainage program (MEND) and funded by AANDC.

Development of a Technical Guidance Document for Cover System Design in Cold Regions.

Nahir, M. O'Kane and B. Ayres, 2012.

Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage (ICARD), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, May 20-26, 2012.

MEND 2.21.5 Macro-Scale Cover Design and Performance Monitoring Manual

MEND 2.21.5, July 2007 Prepared on behalf of Mine Environment Neutral Drainage (MEND) and sponsored by the Mining Association of Canada and MEND.

MEND 2.21.4 Design, Construction and Performance Monitoring of Cover Systems for Waste Rock and Tailings Volume 1 - Summary

MEND 2.21.4a, July 2004 Design, Construction and Performance Monitoring of Cover Systems for Waste Rock and Tailings

Prepared for Mine Environment Neutral Drainage (MEND) and funded by MEND and Inco Ltd. Published by Natural Resources Canada and CANMET.

MEND 2.21.4 Design, Construction and Performance Monitoring of Cover Systems Volume 2 - Theory and Background

MEND 2.21.4b, July 2004 Design, Construction and Performance Monitoring of Cover Systems for Waste Rock and Tailings

Prepared for Mine Environment Neutral Drainage (MEND) and funded by MEND and Inco Ltd. Published by Natural Resources Canada and CANMET.

MEND 2.21.4 Volume 3 - Site Characterization & Numerical Analyses of Cover Performance

MEND 2.21.4c, July 2004 Design, Construction and Performance Monitoring of Cover Systems for Waste Rock and Tailings

Prepared for Mine Environment Neutral Drainage (MEND) and funded by MEND and Inco Ltd. Published by Natural Resources Canada and CANMET.

MEND 2.21.4 Volume 4 - Field Performance Monitoring & Sustainable Performance of Cover Systems

MEND 2.21.4d, July 2004 Design, Construction and Performance Monitoring of Cover Systems for Waste Rock and Tailings

Prepared for Mine Environment Neutral Drainage (MEND) and funded by MEND and Inco Ltd. Published by Natural Resources Canada and CANMET.

MEND 2.21.4 Design, Construction and Performance Monitoring of Cover Systems for Waste Rock and Tailings Volume 5 - Case Studies

MEND 2.21.4e, July 2004 Design, Construction and Performance Monitoring of Cover Systems for Waste Rock and Tailings

Prepared for Mine Environment Neutral Drainage (MEND) and funded by MEND and Inco Ltd. Published by Natural Resources Canada and CANMET.

INAP (International Network for Acid Prevention)

INAP Global Soil Cover Guidance Document

M. O'Kane. 2015. Plenary address at ICARD-IMWA 10th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage and International Mine Water Association Annual Conference, Santiago, Chile, April 24, 2015.

Development of a global cover system design technical guidance document

M. O'Kane and A. Baisley. 2014. Presented at the British Columbia 38th Annual Mine Reclamation Symposium, September 24, 2014, Prince George, BC.

Evaluation of the Long-Term Performance of Dry Cover Systems

OKC Report No 684-02, March 2003 Prepared for the International Network for Acid Prevention (INAP).

Case Studies

Evaluation of cover system field trials with compacted till layers for waste rock dumps at the Boliden Aitik copper mine

M. McKeown, D. Christensen, T. Taylor and S. Mueller. 2015. Presented at ICARD-IMWA 10th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage and International Mine Water Association Annual Conference, Santiago, Chile, April 24, 2015.

Near-surface water balances of coal waste rock deposits

M. O'Kane, A. Goodbrand, T. Birkham, L. Barbour, S. Carey, J. Straker, T. Baker, and R. Klein. 2015. Presented at ICARD-IMWA 10th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage and International Mine Water Association Annual Conference, Santiago, Chile, April 22, 2015.

Alberta oil sands cover system field trial - Development, construction, and results two years in

L. Barber, D. Christensen and L. Tallon. 2015. Presented at ICARD-IMWA 10th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage and International Mine Water Association Annual Conference, Santiago, Chile, April 22, 2015.

Case study of Geita gold mine: An example of proactive AMD mitigation performance

B. Dobchuk, P. Scott, P. Weber, T. Taylor, D. Christensen. and M. Yusuph. 2015. Presented at ICARD-IMWA 10th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage and International Mine Water Association Annual Conference, Santiago, Chile, April 22, 2015.

Performance of an engineered cover system for a uranium mine waste rock pile in northern Saskatchewan after six years

Ayres, B., O'Kane, M., Barber, L., Hiller, D. and Helps, D. 2013. 2013 Northern Latitudes Mining Reclamation Workshop and 38th Annual Meeting of the Canadian Land Reclamation Assocation, Whitehorse, Yukon, September 9-12, 2013.

Cover Systems for Mine Closure and Rehabilitation - Two Case Studies

Song, J. and M. O'Kane, 2012. Presented at the 1st International Acid and Metalliferous Drainage Workshop in China, Beijing, China, December 2-4, 2012.

Whistle Mine Backfilled Pit Dry Cover Case Study - Performance Based on Six Years of Field Monitoring.

B.K. Ayres, L. Lanteigne, M. O'Kane and G. Meiers, 2012. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage (ICARD), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, May 20-26, 2012.

Field Performance Monitoring of a Cover System with Geosynthetic Layers, Case Study - Franklin Waste Rock Pile, Sydney NS.

G.P. Meiers, M. O'Kane and D. Mayich, 2012. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage (ICARD), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, May 20-26, 2012.

Evaluation of the Function of the Dry Cover System at WRD5 at the Boliden AItik Copper Mine, Northern Sweden.

A. Sjöblom, D. Christensen, S. Mueller and T. Taylor, 2012. Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage (ICARD), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, May 20-26, 2012.

Long-term monitoring and modelling of a reclaimed watershed cover on oil sand tailings.

B.S. Dobchuck, R.E. Shurniak, S.L. Barbour, M.A. O'Kane and Q. Song, 2012. International Journal of Mining, Reclamation and Environment, May 2012, p. 1-22.

Evolution of the Hydraulic Conductivity of Reclamation Covers over Sodic/Saline Mining Overburden

G. Meiers, S.L. Barbour, C. Qualizza, and B. Dobchuk, 2011. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering 137(10):968-976, 2011.

Development and implementation of a remediation plan for small scale uranium mining activities in the South Alligator Valley

G. Balding, M. Fawcett, and M. O'Kane, 2011. Proceedings of the Seventh Australian Workshop on Acid and Metalliferous Drainage, Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia, June 2011.

Unsaturated sloping layered soil cover system: Field investigation.

L.K. Tallon, M.A. O'Kane, D.E. Chapman, M.A. Phillip, R.E. Shurniak, and R.L. Strunk, 2011. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 91:161-168, 2011.

Salinization of soil over saline-sodic overburden from the oil sands in Alberta

S. Kessler, S.L. Barbour, K.C.J. van Rees, and B.S. Dobchuk, 2010. Canadian Journal of Soil Science 90:637-647, 2010

Performance monitoring of soil cover field trials at the Regina municipal landfill.

Strunk, R.L., Dobchuk, B.S., Nieminen, G., Barbour, S.L., and O’Kane, M.A., 2009. Proceedings of Solid Waste Association of North America (SWANA) WASTECON 2009 Conference, Long Beach, CA, September 22-24, 2009.

The influence of soil cover heterogeneity on water movement within water balance covers on gold mine tailings.

Meiers, P.G., Barbour, S.L., and Wilson, D., 2009. Proceedings of Securing the Future and 8th ICARD, Skelleftea, Sweden, June 22-26, 2009.

The use of in situ measurement of hydraulic conductivity to provide an understanding of cover system performance over time.

Meiers, G.P., Barbour, S.L. and Qualizza, C.V., 2006. 7th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage (ICARD), St. Louis, Missouri, USA, March 26-30, 2006.

Hydrogeology of South Bison Hill.

Chapman, D., Barbour, S.L. and O'Kane, M., 2006. 7th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage (ICARD), St. Louis, Missouri, USA, March 26-30, 2006.

Hydraulic placement of a dry cover system - Design & performance monitoring (Kennecott Ridgeway Mine tailings dam cover system)

Duckett, R. and O'Kane, M., 2006. 7th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage (ICARD), St. Louis, Missouri, USA, March 26-30, 2006.

Cover and final landform design for the B-zone waste rock pile at Rabbit Lake Mine

Ayres, B., Landine, P., Adrian, L., Christensen, D., and O'Kane, M., 2005. Fourth International Conference on Uranium Mining & Hydrogeology, Freiberg, Germany, September 11-16, 2005.

Design and construction of the backfilled pit cover system at Whistle Mine, Canada: a case study.

Ayres, B., Lanteigne, L., and O'Kane, M., 2005. Securing the Future 2005, International Conference on Mining and the Environment, Skelleftea, Sweden, June 27-July 1, 2005.

Near-surface water balances of waste rock dumps

T. Birkham, M. O'Kane, A. Goodbrand, S.L. Barbour, S.K. Carey, J. Straker, Trevor Baker and R. Klein. 2014. Presented at the British Columbia 38th Annual Mine Reclamation Symposium, September 25, 2014, Prince George, BC.

Tracking the evolution of reclaimed landscapes through the use of instrumented watersheds

Barbour, S.L., Chapman, D., Qualizza, C., Kessler, S., Boese, C., Shurniak, R., Meiers, G., O'Kane, M., Hendry, J., and Wall, S. Presented at the International Instrumented Watershed Symposium, Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, June 22-25, 2004.

Development of a Cover System Design for Potentially Acid-Forming Tailings at Peak Gold Mines, NSW, Australia.

Ayres, B., Silveira, C., Ellice, C., Christensen, D., and O'Kane, M., 2003. Poster paper presented at 6th International Conference for Acid Rock Drainage, Cairns, Qld., Australia, July 2003.

Performance of Cover System Field Trials for Waste Rock at Myra Falls Operations.

Ayres, B., Dirom, G., Christensen, D., Januszewski, S., and O'Kane, M., 2003. Proceedings of 6th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage, Cairns, Qld., Australia, July 2003.

Demonstration of the Application of a Soil Moisture Monitoring System at the Mt. Leyshon Tailings Dam & Waste Rock Cover System

Williams, B., Neivandt, R., O'Kane, M., Browne, D., and White, C., 2003. Proceedings of 6th International Conference for Acid Rock Drainage, Cairns, Qld., Australia, July 2003.

Mining and Storage of Reactive Shale at BHP Billiton's Mt Whaleback Mine.

Waters, P. and M. O'Kane, 2003. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference for Acid Rock Drainage, Cairns, Qld., Australia, July 2003.

Dry Cover Trials at Mt Whaleback – A Summary of Overburden Storage Area Cover System Performance.

O'Kane, M. and P. Waters, 2003. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference for Acid Rock Drainage, Cairns, Qld., Australia, July 2003.

Construction & Field Performance Monitoring of 3 Experimental Dry Cover Systems for Acid-Generating Waste Rock at Whistle Mine.

Ayres, B.K., O'Kane, M., Lanteigne, L., and Christensen, D., 2002. Presented at the 2002 Tailings and Mine Waste Conference, Fort Collins, Colorado, USA, January 2002.

Waste Rock Cover System Field Trials at the Myra Falls Operations - A Summary of Three Years of Performance Monitoring.

O'Kane M., Januszewski, S., and Dirom, G., 2001. 25th Annual British Columbia Mine Reclamation Symposium, Campbell River, BC, Canada, September 2001.

Storage Cover Test Plot Study for Questa Tailings Facility, New Mexico.

Wels, C., O'Kane, M., and Fortin, S., 2001. Presented at the 18th Annual National Meeting, American Society for Surface Mining and Reclamation, June 3-7, 2001, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA.

Infiltration Test Plot Study for Waste Rock at Questa Mine, New Mexico.

Wels, C., O'Kane, M., Fortin, S., and Christensen, D., 2001. Presented at the 18th Annual National Meeting, American Society for Surface Mining and Reclamation, June 3-7, 2001, Albuquerque, New Mexico, USA.

Cover System Performance in a Semi-Arid Climate on Horizontal and Sloped Waste Rock Surfaces.

O'Kane, M., D. Porterfield, A. Weir and L. Watkins, 2000. Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage, Denver, Colorado, USA, May 21-24, 2000.

Pyritic Shale Integration into Waste Rock Management, Mt. Whaleback.

O'Kane, M., D. Porterfield and A. Weir, 1999. 16th Annual National Conference of the American Society for Surface Mining and Reclamation, August 13-19, 1999, Scottsdale, Arizona, USA.

Design of Field Test Plots for a Sloped Waste Rock Surface at Westmin Resources Ltd., Myra Falls Operations.

O'Kane, M. Stoicescu, J., Januszewski, S., Mchaina, D.M., and Haug, M.D., 1998. 15th National Meeting of the American Society for Surface Mining and Reclamation, St. Louis, Missouri, May 16-21, 1998.

The Design and Implementation of the Field Test Plots at BHP Iron Ore, Mt. Whaleback - A Soil Cover System for an Arid Climate.

O'Kane, M., D. Porterfield, M.D. Haug and M. Endersby, 1998. 1998 SME (Society for Mining, Metallurgy and Exploration) Annual Meeting & Exhibit, March 9-11, 1998, Orlando, Florida, USA.

Managing for Closure at the Myra Falls Operation - Design of a Soil Cover System for Long Term Ecological & Physical Stability.

O'Kane, M., Mchaina, D.M., Stoicescu, J., Januszewski, S., Haug, M.D., and Bews, B.E., 1997. 21st Annual British Columbia Mine Reclamation Symposium, Cranbrook, B.C., September 22-25, 1997.

Sullivan Mine Fatalities Investigation

Sullivan Mine Fatalities Technical Investigation and Subsequent Risk Management Monitoring.

M. Phillip, D. Hockley, B. Donald, W. Kuit and M. O'Kane, 2012.

Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Acid Rock Drainage (ICARD), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, May 20-26, 2012.

Sullivan Mine fatalities incident: Technical investigations and findings.

Phillip, M., Hockley, D., Dawson, B., Kuit, W., and O’Kane, M., 2009. Proceedings of Securing the Future and 8th ICARD, Skelleftea, Sweden, June 22-26, 2009.

Sullivan Mine fatalities incident: Numerical modeling of gas transport and reversal in gas flow directions.

Lahmira, B., Lefebvre, R., Hockley, D., and Phillip, M., 2009. Proceedings of Securing the Future and 8th ICARD, Skelleftea, Sweden, June 22-26, 2009.

Sullivan Mine fatalities incident: Key conclusions and implications for other sites.

Hockley, D., Kuit, W., and Phillip, M., 2009. Proceedings of Securing the Future and 8th ICARD, Skelleftea, Sweden, June 22-26, 2009.

Sullivan Mine Fatalities Incident: Site setting, acid rock drainage management, land reclamation and investigation

Dawson, B., Phillip, M., and O’Kane, M., 2009. Proceedings of Securing the Future and 8th ICARD, Skelleftea, Sweden, June 22-26, 2009.

Oilsands Tailings De-Watering

Deposition thickness and evaporative drying for oil sands tailings in Northern Alberta

Song, Q., O’Kane, M., Dhadli, N., and Matthews, J. 2011. Mine Closure 2011 Proceedings, Volume 1, pp. 373-382. A.B. Fourie, M. Tibbett and A. Beersing (eds.). Australian Certre for Geomechanics, Perth, Australia. Presented at the 6th International Mine Closure Conference, September 19-21, 2011, Lake Louise, Alberta, Canada.

Evaluation of evaporation and under-drainage in dewatering oil sands tailings in northern Alberta

Song, Q. and O’Kane, M. 2013. Proceedings of the Seventeenth International Conference on Tailings and Mine Waste, G.W. Wilson, D.C. Sego, N.A. Beier (eds.). November 3-6, 2013, Banff, Alberta, Canada.

Time domain reflectometry (TDR) sensors – Application to flocculated mature fine tailings performance monitoring

Song, J., O’Kane, M., Mahood, R., Cote, C., and Kolstad, D. 2014. Presented at the Fourth International Oil Sands Tailings Conference, December 7-10, 2014, Lake Louise, Alberta, Canada.

From Pilot Cell Monitoring to Commercial Pouring

Song, J., O'Kane, M. and MacLean, M., 2015. COSIA (Canada's Oil Sands Innovation Alliance) Innovation Summit, Banff, Alberta, March 31 - April 2, 2015.

Evaluation of Evaporation and Under-Drainage in Dewatering Oil Sands Tailings in Northern Alberta

M. O'Kane, 2013. Presented at the Tailings & Mine Waste 2013 Conference, November 5, 2013 in Banff, Alberta and available on the Videos page.

Distributed Temperature Sensing

Assessing groundwater discharge to streams with distributed temperature sensing technology

T. Birkham, S.L. Barbour, A. Goodbrand, L. Tallon, J. Szmigielski and R. Klein. 2014. Presented at the 38th Annual British Columbia Mine Reclamation Symposium, September 25, 2014, Prince George, BC.

Distributed temperature observations reveal the scale of spatial variability in unsaturated soil covers

Tallon, L.K., M. O'Kane, B.C. Si and S.L. Barbour, 2013. Presented at the Tailings & Mine Waste 2013 Conference, November 4, 2013, Banff, Alberta

Applying distributed temperature sensing to the heap leach industry

Tallon, L. and M. O'Kane, 2013. Presented at the Heap Leach Conference, September 22-25, 2013, Vancouver, British Columbia.

Intensively monitoring cover system thermal properties with distributed temperature sensing

Tallon, L.T. and M.A. O'Kane. 2013. Presented at the British Columbia Mine Reclamation Symposium, September 16-19, 2013, Vancouver, British Columbia.